The importance of regular maintenance for your home sewage system

The Drain System

All the interior plumbing fixtures of your home, the toilets, showers, and sinks all have drains that feed underground and out of your house to a main sanitary sewer system or septic tank. Each fixture connects to a branch drain that connects to a main. The main line is the lowest point of the drain and each should feed using gravity to that main line out of the house. Each fixture in addition to the sanitary line also has a vent. This vent typically runs to the roof and penetrates the roofing membrane. It provides regulation to the air pressure in the system that helps to allow the water to flow freely without getting backed up in the system.

What causes clogs?

The things that go down your drains, both big and small, have an impact on whether or not they become clogged. Some of the things that commonly cause clogs include:

  • Hair
  • Soap scum
  • Grease and oil
  • Food scraps
  • Coffee grounds
  • Paper products

Unclogging drains

If you have a clog, there are a few things you can do to try and clear it yourself. The first thing you should try is a plunger. Many people don't realize that you can use a plunger on a sink drain. You will need to cover the overflow to successfully create the suction required, but you will find it works much better than the liquid drain cleaner solutions. If that does not work, you can try using a plumber’s snake. This is a long, flexible piece of metal that you insert into the drain and push through the clog. If neither of these methods works, you will need to call a professional to clear the blockage.

Signs of sewer problems

There are a few signs that you may have a sewer problem. If more than one drain is backing up, it is likely that you have a blockage in the main sewer line. You may also hear gurgling sounds coming from your drains or see water backing up into your tub or shower when you flush the toilet. If you see any of these signs, you should call a professional to have your system checked as soon as possible.

Causes of sewer problems

There are a few things that can cause sewer problems. One of the most common is tree roots growing into the sewer line. The roots can block the line and cause sewage to back up into your home. Grease and oil can also build up over time and cause a blockage. If you have a professional clean your system regularly, they will be able to catch these problems before they cause serious damage.

Resolving sewer problems

The best way to avoid costly repairs is to have regular maintenance done on your system. A professional will be able to inspect your system and clear any blockages before they become a problem. This will help to keep your home safe and healthy and save you money in the long run.



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Marc Sawyer

Marc Sawyer


I’m an Architect. My favorite thing to do is create stories through architectural design. Founder of Whitewash Studio architecture firm in Atlanta, GA.